Affirmative action began as a way to attract and retain minority employees. Executive Order 11246, issued by President Johnson, applies only to federal contractors and subcontractors. Rehabilitation Act of 1973 requires affirmative action in employment of with disabilities and applies to executive government agencies with contracts greater than $2,500. (Noe, 2017) My personal interpretation of affirmative action was so black people could get jobs as I was raised in Florida, where many relate affirmative action with black employment quotas.
The Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP), is administered by the Department of labor and also enforces section 503 of the Rehabilitation act of 1973. This Act prohibits discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities, and the affirmative action provisions of the Vietnam Era Veterans’ Readjustment Assistance Act, which prohibits discrimination against qualified protected veterans. (Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs, 2020)
On my reservation EEO regulation relate to federal contracts but do not cover employment in tribal business. The tribe has a similar regulation geared to protect tribal members in employment. This law is implemented at a Federal level with Native American Programs offered by departments like the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). These programs are call TERO programs of Tribal employment rights ordinances geared toward the construction industry initially, it now covers a broad range of US programs and is a Civil law in the community I live in today. The main intent is to remove unnecessary barriers to employment in federal contract.
Noe, H. G. (2017). Human Resource Mangement: Gaining a Competative Advantage. New York: McGraw Hill Education.
Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs. (2020, March). Retrieved from U.S. Department of Labor: https://www.dol.gov/ofccp/TAguides/sbguide.htm#Q3